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Yum Install Jenkins as a Service on CentOS 7 - Justin Silver

Yum Install Jenkins as a Service on CentOS 7

I have previously written about how to Install Jenkins on CentOS as a Service where it was necessary to write your own startup, shutdown, configuration, and init.d scripts. Luckily this is all much easier now as you can install the software directly from a yum repository – you’ll just need to fetch the repo from http://pkg.jenkins-ci.org/redhat/jenkins.repo.

Install Jenkins from the Yum Repository

Make sure you have Java on your system, then fetch the yum repository and install Jenkins.

yum -y install java 
curl http://pkg.jenkins-ci.org/redhat/jenkins.repo -o /etc/yum.repos.d/jenkins.repo
rpm --import https://jenkins-ci.org/redhat/jenkins-ci.org.key
yum -y install jenkins

Enable and Start Service

Since CentOS 7 uses Systemd, use it to start the service on reboot.

systemctl enable jenkins
service jenkins start

Access Jenkins

This will start jenkins on port 8080 by default (you can change these settings in /etc/sysconfig/jenkins). Leaving it as is and setting up a reverse Nginx proxy is my preference. Once you load the Jenkins home page you will be prompted to enter a password located in a file on your system to continue the setup. Here is a sample of my Nginx configuration.

# jenkins is upstream listening on port 8080
upstream jenkins {
        server                          127.0.0.1:8080 fail_timeout=0;
}

# nginx is listening on port 80
server {
        listen                          80;
        server_name                     jenkins.example.com;
        
        location / {
        
                proxy_set_header        Host $host:$server_port;
                proxy_set_header        X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
                proxy_set_header        X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
                proxy_set_header        X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;

                proxy_pass              http://jenkins;
        }
}

Keep in mind that you may have issues initially proxying to Jenkins if SELinux is configured to block access to port 8080. If you try to load the site via Ngnix and get a “502 Bad Gateway” error, check out the /var/log/audit/audit.log – you will probably see errors regarding Nginx connecting to your port. You can either add the port by hand, or do it automatically with audit2allow.

mkdir ~/.semanage && cd ~/.semanage
cat /var/log/audit/audit.log | grep nginx | grep denied | audit2allow -M semanage
semodule -i semanage.pp

If you need to generate an SSH key for the Jenkins user, use sudo to run as the proper user.

sudo -u jenkins ssh-keygen

Enjoy!

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